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Disease markers: New technology to transform future of early diagnosis

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Researchers have developed a novel technique that captures disease markers, and which could transform the future of early diagnosis of diseases.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as promising biomarkers for non-invasive disease diagnostics.

However, the challenge has been the efficient and pure isolation of EVs from biological fluids, as current methods yield variable results.

Researchers have now focused on developing advanced techniques that can isolate EVs with high efficiency and purity, crucial for the accurate detection and monitoring of diseases.

In a new study published in Microsystems & Nanoengineering, researchers introduced Flocculation via Orbital Acoustic Trapping (FLOAT), a novel method that markedly enhances the extraction of EVs from biological fluids.

This innovative technique represents a significant leap forward in enabling non-invasive diagnostics for a variety of diseases, opening up new pathways for medical research and enhancing patient care options.

A novel method

Traditional methods of EV isolation have struggled with low efficiency, high sample volume requirements, and contamination issues, limiting their practical application in clinical settings.

FLOAT addresses these challenges head-on by integrating acoustofluidic technology with a novel flocculation process. At the core of FLOAT is the use of thermoresponsive polymers that induce flocculation of EVs when exposed to specific temperature conditions within a rotating liquid droplet.

This process not only significantly enhances the purity of the isolated EVs but also dramatically reduces the volume of biological fluid needed, making the method both more efficient and less invasive.

The acoustofluidic component of FLOAT involves generating an orbital path for the rotating droplets, leveraging acoustic forces to concentrate the flocculated EVs at specific locations within the droplet.

This ingenious combination of flocculation and acoustic trapping allows for the rapid and high-yield isolation of EVs, a stark improvement over existing technologies.

Professor Tony Huang, a leading authority in the study, stated: “The FLOAT method represents a significant leap forward, offering over 90% recovery rates and reducing sample volume requirements by a factor of 100.

“This innovation could transform the landscape of disease diagnosis and monitoring.”

The implications of this research are significant. By providing a reliable, efficient, and scalable method for EV isolation, FLOAT opens the door to the widespread adoption of liquid biopsies for early disease detection, which is transformative for how diseases are diagnosed and monitored and offers hope for earlier intervention and personalised treatment plans.

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